Industry Report

Defense and Security – Romania

June 30, 2018

In 1994, Romania became the first post-communist country to join the Partnership for Peace program; its individual program was signed in May 1995. In 1996, the Romanian Parliament appealed to Parliaments of NATO Member States requesting support for Romania’s aspirations to become a NATO member. Still, Romania was not granted membership for many more years. 

In the next years, Romania continued to prove its commitment to support NATO activities; the military from Romania and the United States set up an air traffic monitoring center covering the Romanian territory and neighboring areas. In 2001, the Romanian Parliament decided by an overwhelming majority for Romania to participate, as a de facto NATO ally, in the war against international terrorism, through all means, including military ones, Romania being ready to grant access to its airspace, airports, land and sea facilities. At Prague NATO Summit in 2002, Romania was invited to start accession discussions and the country was finally granted NATO membership in 2004.

After accession, a number of legislative changes were made to harmonize national legislation with the NATO acquis, including the 2003 Revised Constitution. Thus, military service in peacetime was no longer compulsory and starting January 1, 2007, Romania needed to have a professional army. However in case of war, state of mobilization and state of siege, the military service would still become mandatory.

Having gone through a downsizing stage (2005-2007) and NATO and EU operational integration (2008- 2015), the Romanian military has recently been going through the last phase of its transformation, which is to be finalized in 2025 and translates into full integration into NATO and EU. The country would have to heavily rely on NATO support in case of a military attack.

This report examines the Defense and Security market in Romania, providing overviews of the Romanian Armed Forces, Homeland Security, market opportunities and the public procurement system.